Korean J Transplant 2021; 35(3): 189-194
Published online September 30, 2021
© The Korean Society for Transplantation
Division of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Shin Hwang
Department of Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpagu, Seoul 05505, Korea
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
The anatomy of middle hepatic vein (MHV) varies widely, and some individuals have aberrant MHV anatomy, thus there is risk of iatrogenic damage to graft MHV during liver splitting. We present the clinical sequences of an adult recipient who received a split right liver graft with erroneous deprivation of the MHV trunk. This is the case was a 58-year-old male patient with hepatitis B virus-associated liver cirrhosis who suffered from hepatic encephalopathy. The split right liver graft had a graft-to-recipient weight ratio of 2.1%. Soon after graft reperfusion, large-sized hepatic venous congestion (HVC) appeared at the graft liver surface, indicating lack of MHV drainage. The amount of HVC was approximately 20% of the right liver graft mass at day 1, which had gradually reduced on follow-up computed tomography (CT) scans. Although liver function recovered progressively, the patient remained bed-ridden because of pre-existing hypoxic brain damage. The patient passed away 4 years after transplantation because of pneumonia and multi-organ failure. The present case implies that there is some possibility of unrecognized damage to the graft MHV during liver splitting, suggesting the necessity of preoperative donor abdomen CT scan and preparation of intraoperative ultrasonography for easy evaluation of graft liver MHV anatomy.
Keywords: Middle hepatic vein, Donor shortage, Extended right liver graft, Hepatic venous congestion, Hepatic encephalopathy, Case report
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