Table. 3.

Characteristics of patients who underwent cardiac stress testing after referral for deceased donor kidney transplant waitlist placement according to the occurrence or non-occurrence major adverse cardiac events

Characteristic MACE
(n=41)
No MACE
(n=157)
P-value
Age (yr) 55 (49–60) 52 (44–59) 0.04
Male 25 (61.0) 82 (52.2) 0.38
Ethnicity 0.56
Chinese 28 (68.3) 115 (73.2)
Malay 10 (24.4) 35 (22.3)
Indian 3 (7.3) 5 (3.2)
Others 0 2 (1.3)
Cause of ESKD 0.20
Glomerulonephritis 18 (43.9) 90 (57.3)
Diabetes mellitus 17 (41.5) 36 (22.9)
Hypertension 2 (4.9) 8 (5.1)
ADPKD 1 (2.4) 8 (5.1)
Others/unknown 3 (7.3) 15 (9.6)
Dialysis modality 1.00
Hemodialysis 34 (82.9) 130 (82.8)
Peritoneal dialysis 7 (17.1) 27 (17.2)
Dialysis vintage (yr) 1.5 (0.4–6.2) 3.9 (0.8–7.6) 0.13
Hypertension 38 (92.7) 143 (91.1) 1.00
Diabetes mellitus 22 (53.7) 51 (32.5) 0.02
Dyslipidemia 29 (70.7) 95 (60.5) 0.28
Current or past smoking 13 (36.1) 28 (19.4) 0.05
History of CAD 4 (9.8) 9 (5.7) 0.48
History of stroke 1 (2.4) 3 (1.9) 1.00
Ejection fraction <50% 8 (23.5) 26 (17.7) 0.82
Ischemia on the cardiac stress test 12 (29.3) 27 (17.2) 0.12
Significant CAD on coronary angiography 14 (34.1) 13 (8.3) <0.001
Underwent revascularization 8 (19.5) 9 (5.7) 0.01

Values are presented as median (interquartile range) or number (%).

MACE, major adverse cardiovascular events; ESKD, end-stage kidney disease; ADPKD, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease; CAD, coronary artery disease.

Korean J Transplant 2022;36:187~196 https://doi.org/10.4285/kjt.22.0029
© Korean Journal of Transplantation